02. Skills can bring us moderate success. However, luck is needed to be a big success. (credit to Jon)
03. We tend to credit our successes to good skills and blame our failures on poor luck.
04. Some of us rely on luck (most unknowingly) by investing for high returns (and losses). A few of us will make big money but most of us will end up much poorer.
05. Some of us deliberately limit the luck factor by choosing investment products with capital guarantee and guaranteed returns. None of us will make big money but none of us will be very much poorer.
06. We need to know how much we can afford to lose (financially and emotionally) before deciding to be No. 4 or No. 5, or somewhere in between.
07. We have many biases. The degree of success in investing or trading depends on how much we can keep our biases in check. No, we cannot remove our biases totally.
08. Confirmation bias – we see what we want to see. We seek out evidence to validate our investment decision and ignore those that suggest otherwise.
09. Availability bias – we are influenced by the things we observe. If people we knew made a lot of money through property investment, we will think that properties are the best investments in the world and develop a preference for it.
10. Loss aversion bias – we want to be compensated for high returns before we decide to take the risk to invest. We often wait for markets move and show high returns before we want to invest. We are not interested if markets are not moving.
11. Hindsight bias – we tend to say “I knew it” after an event has happened.
12. Survivor-ship bias – we only get to hear stories of successes but many stories of failures were untold. See No 2 and No 3.
13. Most us do not know what we want in life. We think we will be happier with more money.