Published : 12:00 am January 1, 2015
The Central Bank said yesterday that inflation, as measured by the change in the Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (CCPI) (2006/07=100), which is computed by the Department of Census and Statistics, decreased to 2.1% in December 2014 compared to 4.7% in December 2013 on a year-on-year basis.
Annual average inflation which followed a declining trend for 19 consecutive months reached 3.3% in December 2014 from 6.9% in December 2013.
“This is by far the longest period that both year-on-year inflation (71 months) and annual average inflation (65 months) have continuously remained at single digit levels, after the economy was liberalised,” the Central Bank said.
It said prudent monetary management, relatively stable exchange rate, moderation in prices of both food and non-food imported items, supply side improvements, downward revisions in administered prices of electricity and water tariffs, LP Gas and fuel and timely fiscal policy measures introduced to contain supply side disturbances in harmony with monetary policy measures helped maintain inflation at low levels during 2014.
The contribution to the decline in annual average inflation to 3.3% in 2014 came mainly from slowdown in the price increase in the Non-food category, which grew only by 2.8% in 2014 against that of 6.1% in 2013.
This was supported by the downward revision of Electricity and Water tariffs and fuel prices which were effected during the latter months of 2014. As a result, the average price in the Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and other Fuels sub-category increased only by 1.1% during 2014.