FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™
Dear Reader,

Registration with the Sri Lanka FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™️ would enable you to enjoy an array of other services such as Member Rankings, User Groups, Own Posts & Profile, Exclusive Research, Live Chat Box etc..

All information contained in this forum is subject to Disclaimer Notice published.


Thank You
FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™️
www.srilankachronicle.com


Join the forum, it's quick and easy

FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™
Dear Reader,

Registration with the Sri Lanka FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™️ would enable you to enjoy an array of other services such as Member Rankings, User Groups, Own Posts & Profile, Exclusive Research, Live Chat Box etc..

All information contained in this forum is subject to Disclaimer Notice published.


Thank You
FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™️
www.srilankachronicle.com
FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™
Would you like to react to this message? Create an account in a few clicks or log in to continue.

Encyclopedia of Latest news, reviews, discussions and analysis of stock market and investment opportunities in Sri Lanka


Submit PostSubmit Post
ශ්‍රී ලංකා මූල්‍ය වංශකථාව - සිංහල
Submit Post



EXPERT CHRONICLE™

ECONOMIC CHRONICLE

GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)


CHRONICLE™ YouTube

CHRONICLE™ NEWS PRODUCTS

FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™

Views & Reviews, Analysis, Evaluations, Discussions, Gossip and Hot Tips relating to Sri Lankan companies listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE)
Contribute




DAILY CHRONICLE™

Latest news and articles published in Newspapers, Websites, Blogs and other online news sites relating to business and investments in Sri Lanka
Contribute



ECONOMIC CHRONICLE™

This is a section that provide news, views, analysis, predications relating to Political and Socio-Economic factors and how such activities affect the Stock Market and other economic activity of the Country.

Contribute




EXPERT CHRONICLE™

This is an exclusive section for Expert Articles which will help member to share knowledge through comments and responses of the members. All members are allowed to reply and make comments to these articles.

Contribute


Submit Post


CHRONICLE™ YouTube

Youtube Videos and other visual presentations relating Stock market and other investment advise submitted by members or other contributors.

Contribute


Submit Post


කොළඔ කොටස් වෙළඳපොළේ වංශකථාව
කොළඔ කොටස් වෙළඳපොළේ ලැයිස්තුගත සමාගම් කොටස් ගැන තොරතුරු¸විශ්ලේෂණ¸සාකච්ඡා¸ කටකතා¸රසකතා යන සියල්ල අපේම සිංහලෙන් කතා කළ හැකි ‘කතා මණ්ඩපය’

Contribute

Twitter Feeds
POPULAR COMPANIES
A

ABANS ELECTRICALS PLC

ACCESS ENGINEERING PLC Hot

ACL CABLES PLC

ACL PLASTICS PLC

ACME PRINTING & PACKAGING PLC

AGSTAR PLC

AITKEN SPENCE HOTEL HOLDINGS PLC

AITKEN SPENCE PLC

ANILANA HOTELS AND PROPERTIES PLC

ARPICO INSURANCE PLC

ASIA ASSET FINANCE PLC

ASIA CAPITAL PLC

B

BAIRAHA FARMS PLC

BALANGODA PLANTATIONS PLC

BIMPUTH FINANCE PLC

BLUE DIAMONDS JEWELLERY WORLDWIDE PLC

B P P L HOLDINGS PLC

BROWNS BEACH HOTELS PLC

BROWNS INVESTMENTS PLC

C

CARGO BOAT DEVELOPMENT COMPANY PLC

CENTRAL INDUSTRIES PLC

CEYLON COLD STORES PLC

CEYLON GRAIN ELEVATORS PLC Hot

CEYLON TEA BROKERS PLC

CEYLON TOBACCO COMPANY PLC

CHEVRON LUBRICANTS LANKA PLC

COLOMBO FORT LAND & BUILDING PLC

COMMERCIAL BANK OF CEYLON PLC

CITRUS LEISURE PLC Hot

COMMERCIAL CREDIT AND FINANCE PLC

D

DANKOTUWA PORCELAIN PLC

DFCC BANK PLC

DIALOG AXIATA PLC

DIALOG FINANCE PLC

DIPPED PRODUCTS PLC

DISTILLERIES COMPANY OF SRI LANKA PLC

DUNAMIS CAPITAL PLC

E

EAST WEST PROPERTIES PLC Hot

EASTERN MERCHANTS PLC

EXPOLANKA HOLDINGS PLC

E-CHANNELLING PLC

F

FIRST CAPITAL HOLDINGS PLC

G

GALADARI HOTELS (LANKA) PLC

GUARDIAN CAPITAL PARTNERS PLC

H

HATTON NATIONAL BANK PLC

HAYLEYS PLC

HAYLEYS FABRIC PLC

HAYLEYS FIBRE PLC Hot

HEMAS HOLDINGS PLC

HIKKADUWA BEACH RESORT PLC

HNB ASSURANCE PLC

HVA FOODS PLC

J

JANASHAKTHI INSURANCE COMPANY PLC

JOHN KEELLS HOLDINGS PLC Hot

JOHN KEELLS HOTELS PLC

L

LANKA ASHOK LEYLAND PLC

LANKA IOC PLC

LANKEM CEYLON PLC

LANKEM DEVELOPMENTS PLC

LAUGFS GAS PLC

LAUGFS POWER LIMITED

LOLC FINANCE PLC

LOLC HOLDINGS PLC

LUCKY LANKA MILK PROCESSING COMPANY PLC

M

MELSTACORP PLC

N

NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT BANK PLC

NATION LANKA FINANCE PLC

NESTLE LANKA PLC

O

ORIENT FINANCE PLC

OVERSEAS REALTY (CEYLON) PLC

P

PANASIAN POWER PLC

PEOPLE'S LEASING & FINANCE PLC

PIRAMAL GLASS CEYLON PLC

PRIME FINANCE PLC

R

RAIGAM WAYAMBA SALTERNS PLC

RENUKA AGRI FOODS PLC

RENUKA CAPITAL PLC

RENUKA HOLDINGS PLC

RICHARD PIERIS AND COMPANY PLC

RICHARD PIERIS EXPORTS PLC Hot

ROYAL CERAMICS PLC

S

SAMPATH BANK PLC

SEYLAN BANK PLC

SIERRA CABLES PLC

SINGHE HOSPITALS PLC Hot

SMB LEASING PLC

SOFTLOGIC HOLDINGS PLC

SOFTLOGIC LIFE INSURANCE PLC

SRI LANKA TELECOM PLC

SWISSTEK (CEYLON) PLC Hot

T

TEEJAY LANKA PLC

TESS AGRO PLC

THREE ACRE FARMS PLC

TOKYO CEMENT COMPANY (LANKA) PLC Hot

U

UNION BANK OF COLOMBO PLC

V

VALLIBEL FINANCE PLC

VALLIBEL ONE PLC Hot

VALLIBEL POWER ERATHNA PLC

W

WASKADUWA BEACH RESORT PLC


You are not connected. Please login or register

FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™ » FINANCIAL CHRONICLE™ » DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT

DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT

Go to page : Previous  1, 2, 3  Next

Go down  Message [Page 2 of 3]

21DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Wed Aug 15, 2018 7:19 pm

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
LANKA ALUMINIUM INDUSTRIES PLC
Company ID: - LALU 
Date of Announcement: - 15.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 2.00 per share / FInal Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 14.Sep.2018 
XD: - 17.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 26.Sep.2018 

22DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Sat Aug 18, 2018 7:21 am

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
CONVENIENCE FOODS (LANKA )PLC 
Company ID: - SOY 
Date of Initial Announcement:- 10.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 5.00 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Required 
AGM:- 19.Sep.2018 
XD:- 20.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 27.Sep.2018

23DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Sat Aug 18, 2018 7:24 am

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
ROYAL PALMS BEACH HOTELS PLC

Company ID:RPBH
Date Announcement:- 17.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 1.00 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Not Required 
XD:- 29.Aug.2018 
Payment:- 07.Sep.2018 

24DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Sat Aug 18, 2018 7:25 am

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
CARGO BOAT DEVELOPMENT COMPANY PLC

Company ID: - CABO 
Date Announcement:- 17.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 1.60 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Required 
AGM: - 18.Sep.2018 
XD:- 19.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 28.Sep.2018 

25DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Sat Aug 18, 2018 7:27 am

ruwan326


Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
RENUKA HOTELS PLC

Company ID: - RCH 
Date Announcement:- 17.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 1.00 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Required 
AGM: - 18.Sep.2018 
XD:- 19.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 28.Sep.2018 

26DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Sat Aug 18, 2018 7:28 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
RENUKA CITY HOTEL PLC

Company ID: - RENU 
Date Announcement:- 17.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 6.00 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Required 
AGM: - 18.Sep.2018 
XD:- 19.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 28.Sep.2018 

27DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Wed Aug 22, 2018 7:47 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
DISTILLERIES COMPANY OF SRI LANKA PLC
Company ID: - DIST 
Date Announcement:- 21.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 0.67 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD:- 01.Oct.2018 
Payment:- 08.Oct.2018

28DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Thu Aug 23, 2018 12:00 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
SERENDIB LAND PLC
Date of initial Announcement: - 07.Aug.2018 
Date of Announcement: - 23.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 10.00 per share /First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 09.Oct.2018

29DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Aug 24, 2018 5:05 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
C M HOLDINGS PLC 

Company ID: - COLO 
Date of initial Announcement: - 09.Aug.2018 
Date of Announcement: - 23.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 2.00 per share /First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 07.Oct.2018

30DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Aug 24, 2018 5:06 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
TANGERINE BEACH HOTELS PLC
Company ID: - TANG 
Date of Announcement:- 23.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 0.60 per share / First and Final Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval:- Not Required 
XD:- 03.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 12.Sep.2018

31DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Aug 24, 2018 8:24 am

Yahapalanaya

Yahapalanaya
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Good work buddy.

32DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Aug 24, 2018 10:35 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
THE COLOMBO FORT LAND & BUILDING PLC
Company ID: - CFLB 
Date of Announcement: - 24.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 0.15 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 09.Oct.2018

33DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Mon Aug 27, 2018 8:55 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
SWADESHI INDUSTRIAL WORKS PLC
Company ID: - SWAD 
Date of initial Announcement: - 23.Aug.2018 
Date of Announcement: - 27.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 1.00 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 19.Sep.2018 
XD: - 20.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 01.Oct.2018

34DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Tue Aug 28, 2018 9:55 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
THE KANDY HOTELS COMPANY (1938) PLC

Company ID: - KHC 
Date of Announcement: - 28. Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 0.10 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 26.Sep.2018 
XD: - 27.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 05.Oct.2018

35DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Tue Aug 28, 2018 10:01 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
INDUSTRIAL ASPHALTS (CEYLON) PLC 
Company ID: -ASPH

Date of Announcement: - 28. Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 1.50 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 18.Sep.2018 
XD: - 19.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 28.Sep.2018

36DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Tue Aug 28, 2018 7:43 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
SOFTLOGIC HOLDINGS PLC 

Company ID: - SHL 
Date of Announcement: - 28.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 0.50 per share (Tax Free) / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Not Required 
XD: - 06.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 17.Sep.2018 

37DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Aug 31, 2018 9:18 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
ARPICO FINANCE COMPANY PLC
Company ID: - ARPI 
Date of Announcement:- 31.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 6.25 per share / Interim Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2018/2019 
Shareholder Approval:- Not Required 
XD:- 11.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 20.Sep.2018

38DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Aug 31, 2018 9:19 am

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
SWADESHI INDUSTRIAL WORKS PLC
Company ID: - SWAD 
Date of initial Announcement: - 23.Aug.2018 
Date of Announcement: - 30.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 1.00 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 21.Sep.2018 
XD: - 25.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 03.Oct.2018

39DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Mon Sep 03, 2018 8:17 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
ARPICO FINANCE COMPANY PLC
Company ID: - ARPI 
Date of Announcement:- 31.Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend:- Rs. 6.25 per share / Interim Dividend 
Financial Year:- 2018/2019 
Shareholder Approval:- Not Required 
XD:- 11.Sep.2018 
Payment:- 20.Sep.2018

40DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Mon Sep 03, 2018 8:18 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
THE AUTODROME PLC
Company ID: - AUTO 
Date of Announcement: - 31. Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 0.50 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 09.Oct.2018 

41DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Tue Sep 04, 2018 1:50 pm

glad


Senior Manager - Equity Analytics
Senior Manager - Equity Analytics
@ruwan326 wrote:THE AUTODROME PLC


Company ID: - AUTO 
Date of Announcement: - 31. Aug.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 0.50 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 09.Oct.2018 
Appreciate your work. Thanks

42DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Wed Sep 05, 2018 8:21 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
HUNTERS & COMPANY PLC
Company ID: - HUNT 
Date of Announcement: - 04. Sep.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 2.25 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 05.Oct.2018 

43DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Wed Sep 05, 2018 8:23 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
TRADE FINANCE & INVESTMENTS PLC
Company ID: - TFIL 
Date of Announcement: - 05. Sep.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 1.00 per share / Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 09.Oct.2018

44DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Fri Sep 07, 2018 6:38 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
PEOPLE'S INSURANCE PLC
Company ID: - PINS 
Date of Announcement: - 06.Sep.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 0.75 per share / Interim Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Not Required 
XD: - 17.Sep.2018 
Payment: - 27.Sep.2018 

45DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT - Page 2 Empty Re: DIVIDEND ANNOUNCEMENTS- AUG/SEPT Mon Sep 10, 2018 8:04 pm

ruwan326

ruwan326
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
Senior Vice President - Equity Analytics
LAKE HOUSE PRINTERS AND PUBLISHERS PLC
Company ID: - LPRT 
Date of Announcement: - 09. Sep.2018 
Rate of Dividend: - Rs. 1.50 per share / First & Final Dividend 
Financial Year: - 2017/2018 
Shareholder Approval: - Required 
AGM: - 28.Sep.2018 
XD: - 01.Oct.2018 
Payment: - 09.Oct.2018 

Sponsored content


Back to top  Message [Page 2 of 3]

Go to page : Previous  1, 2, 3  Next

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum